Mysterious Cave in Chua-shan Mountain

28. 06. 2024
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Finding the Truth

The Chinese have a saying: "Whoever has visited five of China's sacred mountains (peaks) does not have to go to any other." We are talking about Mount Huashan, the center of Taoism, where ceremonies are held and alchemy is taught. It is said that Lao-tzu lived here alone. And not so long ago, a large complex of mysterious caves was discovered in the interior of Květina hora.

An ancient trail

They call it a flower mountain because its five peaks together form the shape of a lotus flower. The peaks are 1-2 miles apart and are oriented to 5 Chinese sides of the world - center, south, north, east and west. Huashan is located in an extremely beautiful landscape, but climbing it is very dangerous.

The trails that lead to the peaks are quite narrow and winding, 12 kilometers long. He turns the rocks to merge in the end An ancient trailin one that leads to the highest point, at an altitude of 2150 meters. Only Taoist pilgrims usually set out on this journey.

Places must pass through narrow wooden bridges, chained to vertical rock walls, which requires a lot of physical strength and toughness. Most wooden bridges were made centuries ago.

The trail to the highest peak leads around Taoist temples, some of which come from the XI. century, and the palaces of the Yuan dynasty. However, most of the buildings are newer and date from the reign of the Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644). The Huashan complex has been added to the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Mysteries hidden in the mountain

The extraordinary and difficult access to Chua-shan Mountain has become even more famous thanks to the magnificent and human created Underground complexcaves that were discovered at the turn of the 20th and 21st centuries. Everyone who is fortunate enough to see them with their own eyes considers the cave to be one of the wonders of the world. This unique underground in the rocks of the southern part of Anhui Province, east of the city of Tunxi, was accidentally discovered by a local villager in 1999. He was so taken aback by what he saw that he considered necessary to report his discovery to the government and did well. The caves became a real sensation, with scientists, researchers, journalists and tourists heading to Huashan.

The caves are located at 30 degrees north latitude, as are the pyramids at Giza, Mount Kailas in Tibet and the Bermuda Triangle, and seem to close this mysterious circle. Can we really consider it a coincidence?

At present, 36 caves are explored, but how many are actually, no one knows yet. The question also arises as to whether they are all interconnected or are separate.

Underground complexUnderground complex

When the preliminary inspection was carried out, the explorers were more than surprised by their size. The underground complex in Mount Huashan was far larger than similar objects known so far. Each of the 36 caves has been assigned a number and some of them do not yet have a name.

To give you an idea, the total area of ​​the 2nd and 35th caves is a total of more than 17 square meters. During their cleaning, 000 cubic meters of gravel were exported and 20 tons of water were pumped out, using three powerful pumps, which took 000 days. The premises are now open to visitors.

Cave No. 35 is also called the underground palace, probably because it is really royal in size. It is located at a depth of 170 meters below the surface and its area is 12 square meters. The entrance to it is relatively small, and in order to get to it, you have to go through a 600-meter tunnel.

Underground complexIn the middle of the underground palace 26 is a massive column that supports the vault of the cave. These giant pillars have a diameter of over 10 meters, and as you go through the cave, you get the impression that the columns are spaced apart and begin to form a triangle.

"The Palace" will not only surprise the columns, one of the walls is 15, 30 meters long and is inclined at the angle of 45 degrees. Scientists have discovered by infrared radiation that this wall is of natural, not artificial, origin.

Here we can also see underground lakes with clear and clear water. Individual halls, stone stairs, and bridges over underground rivers. Interestingly, all underground reservoirs and streams are about 2 meters lower than the Xiangjiang River, which flows through the Huashan Valley. And then there is a two-storey gallery from where visitors can overlook the entire cave.

Another large cave, which they named it Huangxi, covers an area of ​​4 square meters and is 800 meters long. There is a spacious hall with columns, water tanks and on its sides are several smaller rooms.

Underground complexIt should also be noted that all underground spaces are multi-storey and have an irregular and, for us, strange shape. At the same time, however, there is an impression that the person who designed this complex had everything thought out down to the smallest detail. Recently, 2 bas-reliefs were discovered in caves No. 36 and 18.

Do not all these stone bridges, staircases, balconies and pillars show that these underground spaces are created by human hands?

How?

Underground complexThe fact that the caves were excavated by humans is no doubt, there are visible marks on the surface of the walls and ceilings, probably something similar to our chisel. But how did they break the stone? By layers, small pieces, or whole boulders?

It is also possible that people have taken advantage of what nature has already created and only modified it. But if we assumed that they had broken a rock, then they would have to dig at least 100 cubic meters of stone! With this amount of rock, it is possible to pave the road, 000 kilometers long.

It is also a mystery where all this waste is shared; no trace of stone was found. They used it Underground complexis it for building a house? No, all the buildings in the area are made of blue stone, which does not correspond to the composition of Huashan.

Other mysteries that drove scientists into a dead end, what technologies were used by the builders and whether the slope of the inner walls copies the mountainside. If they did not follow the slope of the mountain, they would be likely to break a hole in some places. And how did they actually manage to create such an extraordinary interior? Another question arises, they couldn't work underground after dark, they had to have some lighting, but again, no traces of fire or soot were found…

An absolutely remarkable fact is that there is no echo anywhere in the caves, the vaults and walls are constructed in such a way that they absorb sounds and thus there is peace and quiet. Why actually? Maybe the echo could disturb the prayers

Why?

It is strange that there is, in fact, no mention of such a huge structure. Only in the manuscript of the Chinese historian of the Chan dynasty (135 - 87 BC) is it written about Mount Huashan, but not about its caves. The historian writes that the Chinese Underground complexthe rulers set out for the mountain to pray to the gods and make contact with their ancestors. Maybe their prayers were in these caves.

The purpose of these caves is still unknown and the fact that they were not created for living is undoubted. So why meditation and worship? But there are no wall drawings or statues of gods. If these are really ancient shrines, what ceremonies were performed there and especially by whom?

And maybe the reality is far more prosaic and they only mined the stone there? But why should they find it difficult? They could break the stone from the surface of the mountain. As a granary, it would also not be the most suitable, because there is a relatively high humidity.

Or was it a secret object? As a gathering place for troops, for example. The variant is offered as a specimen, but neither is supported by evidence.

Finding the TruthFinding the Truth

Exploration of the caves is still ongoing, scientists are trying to find entrances and tunnels that could connect the individual halls. In the course of the research, more and more finds appear, such as ceramic products, which experts date to the period 265-420 years of the Jin Dynasty.

Based on the analysis of stalactites and walls, the period of formation was determined approximately before 1700 flights, according to experts, it is not excluded that the caves are significantly older. Uncharted puzzles are very many and scientists have many years of work ahead of them.

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