Archaeologists discover the treasures of Egyptian pharaohs in the water beneath the pyramids17622x 09. 08. 2019 1 Reader
Of course, when we think of the pyramids, we think of Egypt. But you knew that there are even more pyramids in Sudan than in Egypt? This is the case, and archaeologists have discovered treasures buried with the Egyptian black pharaohs in the water below. In the Sudanese sand desert near the Nile, in the countryside around Nuri - ancient burial site with tombs of Egyptian black pharaohs, rises twenty pyramids.
Egypt was ruled by the Black Pharaohs only for a short time between 760 to 650 BC. Unlike other Egyptian rulers, the kings of Nuri were buried beneath them instead of in the pyramids. Imagine huge tombstones rather than tombs. And the tomb is located under the sand.
Now, what does this have to do with "underwater archeology"? After uncovering the staircase leading to the first chamber with the tomb of Nastasen, the last ruler of Nuri, a team of archaeologists came across the water. This meant that if they wanted to explore the contents inside the tomb, they had to dive into the water. The team, led by underwater archaeologist Pearce Paul Creasman, who is specially trained for similar expeditions, used air pumps with long oxygen supply hoses, making it possible to dispense with heavy oxygen bombs attached to the back.
Creasman installed a steel trough in the water, which allowed it to pass without worrying about falling stones in the event of collapse. When he got inside, he had a look at the tomb that was last seen by Harvard archaeologist George Reisner almost a hundred years ago. At that time, shortly after he uncovered, he left this place because of the water, which at that time only reached his knees. One of his team members even excavated the shaft and lifted the artifacts from the third chamber.
Creasman for BBC News states:
“There are three chambers the size of a small bus with beautiful vaulted ceilings. You walk from one chamber to the other, black and black, you know you're in the tomb, even if your flashlight is off. And the secrets hidden here are beginning to be revealed to you. ”
Underwater archaeologist Kristin Romey joined Creasman and wrote about their tomb discovery in National Geographic.
“Creasman and I were both trained for underwater archaeological research, so when I heard that he had received a grant to research the sunken ancient tombs, I called him and asked him to join him. Just a few weeks before I arrived, he first entered Nastasen's tomb. He swam first through the first chamber, then through the second chamber to the third and last room, where he could see what looked like a royal sarcophagus under a few inches of water. The stone coffin looked unopened and undamaged. ”
Exploration of chambers
Now the water was much deeper. Romey writes that this is due to "rising groundwater, caused by natural and man-made climate change, intensive agriculture and the current construction of dams along the Nile." The main task of the expedition is to test equipment and lay the foundations for future excavations, , and even Reisner's shaft, which can still hide treasures.
“We enter the third chamber by swimming through a low, oval portal carved in stone. The stone sarcophagus is barely visible beneath us - an exciting sight - and then we see a shaft that was hastily dug up by Reisner's nervous worker a hundred years ago. ”
It turns out that Reisner and his team have lost many other discoveries.
"When we uncover Reisner's shaft - we fill the plastic buckets with sediments, transfer them to the second air chamber, sifting them for artifacts - we discover paper-thin foils of pure gold that probably covered rare pieces that had long since dissolved in water."
Valuable findings inside the chambers
Findings prove that archaeologists still have a lot to discover in Nuri. At the same time, they show us that tombs can be found untouched by their robbers.
“These golden sacrifices remained settled here — small glass-type statuettes were encased in gold. After the glass pieces of the figurine were destroyed with water, only small gold flakes remained. Gilded figures would be easy prey for thieves, and their remains are a sign that Nastasen's tomb was basically untouched. ”
This is good news for the archaeological team, which means that there will be more priceless treasures to be found in the future and other secrets of the Egyptian black pharaohs will be discovered. And unlike previous archaeologists, they have contemporary technology that allows them to reach previously unavailable places.
“I think we finally have the technology to tell the Nuri story, add unknown facts, and talk about what happened in the past. It is an extraordinary part of history that is little known. It's a story that deserves publication. ”
It really is. Reisner wrote off the black pharaohs as racially inferior and ignored their actions. Now, archaeologists can truly portray their story and restore their deserved place in history as powerful rulers of the Egyptian Empire.
Also see underwater archeology by National Geographic:
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At least 5000 years ago, ancient Egyptian priests had such a level of information about the microworld that they could only be obtained by microscopy. When James Watt constructed a steam engine in 1712, he had no idea that ancient Egyptian scholars had overtaken him by at least 2 000 years. Similarly, it is an X-ray machine, radioactive radiation or knowledge about the speed of light and the theory of relativity. The ancient human dream of flying has also come true in ancient Egypt, even before 3 000 years ago, when the people there knew the balloons and gliders. The discovery of electric light, motor planes, satellites and spacecraft as well as revealing the secrets of blood groups has also taken place in ancient Egypt, so knowledge of the scientific and technical level of the Pharaohs period will have to be radically rewritten, including knowledge of astronomy, biology. , chemistry, geography and mathematics.